Cazalla de la Sierra is a beautiful town that is part of the Starlight Reserve Sierra Morena, which makes it possible for people who visit this area to enjoy a protected natural area where the quality of the night sky is spectacular. The Star gazing observations will take you on a journey to a starry sky, full of unforgettable experiences.
With this experience, as well as enjoying the night sky, you can take in the scenic beauty of the area and enjoy a cuisine that will stimulate your senses. Special mention goes to the local drink, "el aguardiente", a type of schnapps
We you dare to start your journey into the night sky!
* Traces of settlements from the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods in the form of axes, and other tools have been found in the Caves of Santiago, as well as tombs and dolmens.
* The Romans name for the settlement was Callentum and it was famous for its vineyards and wines. From this time only tiles and a pedestal of a statue of the Emperor Caracalla from the year 213 remain.
* Visigoth tombstones from the late 5th century.
* During the Al-Andalus period it was called Kazala or ?strong city?, hence its current name. Parts of the castle wall and the Azahín ??and El Castillo areas are preserved from this period.
The Christian conquest by Fernando III came in 1246. Alfonso 10th gave the town to the Seville Council in 1253 and in 1260 it was given to the archbishop and the cathedral chapter. In the fifteenth century the town suffered the effects of the struggles between the houses of Guzman and Ponce de León.
The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries brought with them an improvement for the townspeople thanks to the wines and spirits that were exported to the Indies. Felipe 5th made the town the location for his summer residence and his court in 1730 from the month of June to August. In 1916, the town officially became a city.
THE SIERRA NORTE DE SEVILLA NATURE RESERVE
The valuable natural resources of the Sierra Norte Nature Reserve have attracted numerous civilizations ever since ancient times. The landscape has been transformed by the different settlers who have taken full advantage of the wealth of natural resources. An example of this change is the Cerro del Hierro, which has been named a Natural Landmark, where mineral mining and action of rain have uncovered a karst landscape that today is used for the sport of climbing.
This is an area of gentle hills, converted to pasture, where oaks are interspersed with Mediterranean forest and some olive and vine crops. In some shady, wetter areas of the municipalities of Constantina and Cazalla, as well as the only Pyrenean oak trees in the province, we can also find chestnuts. Next to El Robledo visitor centre, we can find the botanical garden of the same name where a collection of the plant species that characterize the Sierra Morena is housed.
The hydrographic network of the Nature Reserve also plays a key role in its history and landscape. There are three main rivers that cool the region: the Rivera del Huéznar, in the central area of the park, the Viar river to the west and, finally, the Retortillo to the east. The first two provide water for magnificent forests and also provide trout fishing, an unusual activity in Seville.
Those who opt for hiking and cycling are advised to take to the Vía Verde routes in the Sierra Norte, an old mining railway line that runs between the old town of Cerro del Hierro and Los Prados-Cazalla train station and which passes through the Huéznar waterfall, a natural landmark.
Iberian Imperial eagles, Royal eagles and Bonelli's eagles can be seen in the skies of the Natural Park. Scavengers, such as Griffon and Black vultures are also common. Among the mammals to be seen are deer and wild boar. The Navas-Berrocal mountain area in Almaden de la Plata will give you the chance to observe them more easily.
A Starlight Reserve is
an international certification which is granted only to those places where the
night sky remains in impeccable conditions of conservation in terms of darkness. If a given area is certified as a Starlight
Reserve, this can be taken as a guarantee of quality, as it means that there is
little light pollution, that at least 60% of nights are clear and that the darkness
of the night sky is similar to or better than the skies above many professional
In 2014, Sierra Morena was certified as both a Starlight Reserve and a Starlight Tourist Destination and is currently the largest Starlight Reserve on the planet as it is over 400 km long and contains more than 57 towns and villages.
Sierra Morena awaits you with its clear dark skies, and here at AstroÁndalus we can prepare the best experiences for you to enjoy this special place.